Understanding the Stages of a Crypto Bull Run and Anticipating the Next Surge

Stohn Coin
6 min readJun 17, 2024


The cryptocurrency market, known for its volatility and dramatic price swings, often goes through distinct cycles, commonly referred to as bull and bear markets. A bull run, characterized by sustained price increases, can provide substantial returns for investors who understand the underlying dynamics. This article delves into the stages of a crypto bull run and explores expert opinions on when the next bull run might be expected.

The Stages of a Crypto Bull Run

A typical crypto bull run can be divided into several stages, each marked by unique market behaviors and investor sentiments. Recognizing these stages can help investors navigate the market more effectively.

1. Accumulation Phase

Characteristics: The accumulation phase occurs after a prolonged bear market when prices are relatively low and stable. The market experiences low trading volumes, and price movements are minimal.

Investor Behavior: During this phase, savvy investors, often referred to as “smart money,” begin accumulating assets quietly. These investors recognize the undervaluation of cryptocurrencies and take advantage of the low prices.

Sentiment: General market sentiment remains neutral or slightly negative, with minimal media attention and public interest. Many retail investors are still reeling from the previous market downturn.

2. Early Awareness Phase

Characteristics: As the market begins to recover, prices start to rise gradually. This phase sees a modest increase in trading volumes and growing interest in cryptocurrencies.

Investor Behavior: Early adopters and informed retail investors begin to take notice of the price increases and start buying in. This influx of demand starts pushing prices higher.

Sentiment: Media coverage picks up slightly, and more positive news about cryptocurrencies emerges. However, skepticism still prevails among the broader public.

3. Public Participation Phase

Characteristics: Prices increase more rapidly during the public participation phase, driven by rising demand. Trading volumes grow significantly as more investors enter the market.

Investor Behavior: Retail investors, driven by growing media coverage and the fear of missing out (FOMO), start entering the market in large numbers. The influx of new money pushes prices higher.

Sentiment: Optimism and excitement build, with increasing media coverage and social media buzz. More investors become convinced of the potential for significant returns.

4. Mania Phase

Characteristics: The mania phase is marked by a rapid and often parabolic rise in prices. Market volatility increases as prices reach new all-time highs.

Investor Behavior: A surge of new and often inexperienced investors rushes into the market, driven by hype and FOMO. Speculative behavior becomes rampant, with many investors making decisions based on emotions rather than fundamentals.

Sentiment: Euphoria and irrational exuberance dominate the market. Lofty price predictions and widespread media coverage fuel the frenzy, creating a feedback loop of rising prices and increasing investor interest.

5. Blow-off Top Phase

Characteristics: The blow-off top phase occurs when prices peak and then drop sharply, often within a short time frame. The market experiences extreme volatility as investors react to the rapid changes.

Investor Behavior: Panic selling begins as investors rush to lock in profits or cut losses. The market sees a dramatic increase in selling pressure, leading to sharp price declines.

Sentiment: Fear and confusion spread, with negative media coverage and discussions about bubbles and market crashes. Many investors who entered during the mania phase face significant losses.

6. Correction Phase

Characteristics: During the correction phase, prices decline significantly from their peak and eventually stabilize at lower levels. The market begins to consolidate, with reduced trading volumes.

Investor Behavior: Many latecomers exit the market, often at a loss, while long-term investors and those with higher risk tolerance may hold or even buy more. This phase sees a more rational assessment of the market’s prospects.

Sentiment: Negative sentiment prevails, with media reports focusing on the downturn and investor losses. However, some cautious optimism begins to emerge among experienced investors.

7. Reaccumulation Phase

Characteristics: Prices stabilize and form a bottom after the sharp correction. The market shows signs of recovery, with occasional price increases and higher trading volumes.

Investor Behavior: Savvy investors begin to accumulate positions again, recognizing the potential for future gains. This phase often sets the stage for the next market cycle.

Sentiment: Sentiment is mixed, with cautious optimism among experienced investors and continued skepticism among the general public. Media coverage remains subdued compared to the mania phase.

When is the Next Bull Run Expected?

Predicting the exact timing of the next crypto bull run is inherently challenging due to the complex and multifaceted nature of the market. However, several factors can provide insights into when the next bull run might occur:

1. Regulatory Developments

Regulatory clarity and favorable legislation can significantly impact market sentiment and investor confidence. Positive regulatory developments, such as clear guidelines for crypto assets and supportive government policies, can pave the way for increased institutional investment and a potential bull run.

2. Technological Advancements

Technological innovations and improvements in blockchain technology can drive market growth. Developments such as the implementation of Ethereum 2.0, advancements in Layer 2 solutions, and increased scalability and security can attract more users and investors to the crypto space.

3. Institutional Investment

The entry of institutional investors, such as hedge funds, pension funds, and publicly traded companies, can provide substantial liquidity and market stability. Increased institutional interest and investment in cryptocurrencies can signal the beginning of a new bull run.

4. Economic Conditions

Macro-economic factors, such as inflation rates, interest rates, and monetary policies, can influence investor behavior. In times of economic uncertainty or inflation, cryptocurrencies are often viewed as a hedge against traditional financial markets, potentially driving up demand and prices.

5. Market Sentiment and Media Coverage

Market sentiment and media coverage play a crucial role in driving investor behavior. Positive news, influential endorsements, and increased media coverage can create a positive feedback loop, attracting more investors and driving prices higher.

6. Halving Events

For certain cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, halving events, where the block reward is reduced by half, can impact supply dynamics and create upward price pressure. Historically, Bitcoin halvings have been followed by significant price increases, often triggering broader market bull runs.

7. Adoption and Use Cases

Widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies and real-world use cases can drive demand and market growth. Increased acceptance of crypto as a means of payment, growth in decentralized finance (DeFi), and the proliferation of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) can all contribute to a bull run.

Expert Opinions on the Next Bull Run

While no one can predict the future with certainty, several experts and analysts have shared their insights on the potential timing of the next bull run:

  • Cathie Wood (ARK Invest): Cathie Wood has expressed optimism about the long-term potential of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, suggesting that increased institutional adoption and favorable regulatory developments could drive significant price increases in 2024. She predicts bitcoin could go as high as $3.8 million per coin.
  • Mike Novogratz (Galaxy Digital): Mike Novogratz has highlighted the importance of institutional investment and macroeconomic factors in driving crypto prices. He believes that Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies could see substantial gains as more institutional players enter the market.
  • Anthony Pompliano (Pomp Investments): Anthony Pompliano has emphasized the impact of Bitcoin halvings and the increasing demand for digital assets as a store of value. He suggests that the next bull run could be driven by a combination of supply dynamics and growing institutional interest. Pompliano says BTC will be bigger than gold.
  • PlanB (Creator of the Stock-to-Flow Model): PlanB’s stock-to-flow model, which analyzes Bitcoin’s scarcity, has predicted significant price increases following Bitcoin halvings. According to this model, Bitcoin’s price could reach new all-time highs in the next few years. Plan B predicts Bitcoin will be worth more than $150,000 per coin by the end of 2024.


The cryptocurrency market operates in cycles, with bull runs offering substantial opportunities for investors who understand the underlying dynamics. Recognizing the stages of a bull run can help investors make informed decisions and navigate the market effectively. While predicting the exact timing of the next bull run is challenging, factors such as regulatory developments, technological advancements, institutional investment, and market sentiment provide valuable insights. By staying informed and vigilant, investors can position themselves to capitalize on the next surge in the cryptocurrency market.

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